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The Fairchild 22 was a two-seat touring/training aircraft built in Hagerstown, Maryland by a division of Fairchild Aircraft Corporation. There were nine variations of the aircraft, several of which were tested at NACA Langley.

The XR2K-1 was a Fairchild 22 high-wing airplane acquired by the U.S. Navy as a research vehicle. The first arrived at NACA in May 1933 (NACA 60) and the second in September 1935 (NACA 82).The airplane was tested in the Full Scale Tunnel and 12-Foot Low Speed Tunnel. See Test 58, Test 60, Test 63, Test 71 Test 122.

For additional information, see these reports.

1943 NACA Wartime Report: Flight Tests of an All-Movable Vertical Tail on the Fairchild XR2K-1 Airplane

1944 NACA Wartime Report: A Flight Investigation of Short-Period Longitudinal Oscillations of an Airplane with Free Elevator

Fairchild 22



Hartley Soule stands in front of this Fairchild 22 with a leading edge high lift device installed for flight testing. This was the first of three Fairchild 22s to be used by the NACA at Langley Field. This Fairchild 22 showed no a/c number in the NACA shield on the rudder, although as the NACA fleet expanded, the number appearance become a requirement.


This is one of the hardest aircraft to identify in Langley's past, as it appeared in numerous guises. Built as a standard Fairchild 22, the NACA changed the wing, the wing position, the flaps, the tail surfaces and even the engine. The identity of the NACA 60 was not always applied, to add to the confusion.




This aircraft was a U. S. Navy procured Fairchild 22. Like the Fairchild 22 "NACA 60" that preceded it, this Fairchild, "NACA 82," was used to test a multitude of wings and wing devices. In particular this aircraft is equipped with experimental flap and spoiler installation.
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