Early Flight Research

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[top] Background

The NACA and later NASA were devoted to aeronautical research. Although many think of the models that were tested at this facility, there were also many full-sized aircraft. The dates for early and modern research have arbitrarily been broken down to correspond to the move from the East Area Hangars to the new West Hangar. This page represents the early days from 1919-1954. Modern Flight Research will be considered as 1955 to present.

In 1992, Brian Nicklas with the Smithsonian's National Air and Space Museum compiled a listing entitled NACA/NASA Langley Research Center Aircraft Listing: 1917-1992. This comprehensive list starts with the arrival of the first aircraft, the JN-4H Jenny in 1919, and ends with the F-16XL in 1991.

Currently, model photos are with the buildings they are associated with. A search by model name should direct you to the corresponding pages.

[top] Photos

This first set of photos show the change in pilot apparel during these early years.

1925 Paul King1926 Wright Apache Airplane1929 William McAvoy


06/22/1921 Curtiss JN-4H Jenny8/28/1926 Wright Apache10/12/1926 Boeing NB-11929-06-07 Fairchild FC2W26/5/1928 Consolidated NY-210/12/1928 Curtiss AT-5A04/25/1932 Fairchild 2201/10/1934 Douglas O-H03/01/1934 Weick W-104/25/1936 Kellett YG-1 Autogiro5/20/1936 Lockheed Electra03/29/1938 Clark Duramold F-46 (Fairchild)05/03/1938 Douglas XB-707/12/1938 Northrop A-17A Nomad09-13-1938 Boeing XB-1512/01/1938 Vought XSB3U-102/24/1939 Vought SB2U-2 Vindicator03/25/1939 Lockheed 14H03/27/1939 BT-9-B1939-07-25 Sikorsky XPBS07/06/1940 Bellanca 14-9 Cruisair Jr.09/03/1940 SBN-109/24/1940 St. Louis PT-LM-4 Trainer10/17/1940 Fairchild XR2K-102/10/1941 Bell P-39 Airacobra03/20/1941 Grumman F4F-3 Wildcat (General Motors FM-2)04/20/1941 Douglas B-1811/14/1941 XP-4211/25/1941 Hawker Hurricane IIA12/11/1941 Martin B-26 Marauder12/29/1941 North American XP-51 Mustang02/04/1942 Lockheed P-38 Lightning03/24/1942 Republic P-47 Thunderbolt04-16-1942 Piper J-3 Cub04/30/1942 Curtiss SNC-1 Falcon05/20/1942 Curtiss P-40E Warhawk02/03/1943 Lockheed L-1202/09/1943 Brewster F2A-2 Buffalo02/03/1943 Lockheed XC-3502/24/1943 Grumman XTBF-1 (General Motors TBM-1)03/08/1943 A6M2 Zero03/11/1943 North American SNJ-307/31/1943 Martin RA-30 Baltimore07/31/1943 Vought F4U-1 Corsair07/31/1943 Bell P-63A Kingcobra07/31/1943 Consolidated B-24 Liberator01/25/1944 Sikorsky R-4 / HNS-105/02/1944 Grumman XF6F Hellcat05/23/1944 Vultee SNV-1 Valiant05/31/1944 Curtiss SB2C-1 Helldiver06/08/1944 Douglas A-26B Invader09/07/1944 Supermarine Spitfire HF VII01/04/1945 De Havilland F-8 Mosquito01/04/1945 Boeing B-17G Flying Fortress03/22/1945 Republic P-47 D-3003/23/1945 BrewsterXSBA-104/20/1945 Beech UC-45F Expeditor05/10/1945 Sikorsky JRS-105/28/1945 B-2908/31/1945 Douglas BTD-1 Destroyer01/22/1947 Fairchild PT-19A Cornell1948-07-15 Airco DH-408/04/1948 Stinson L-502/05/1949 Grumman XF8F-1 Bearcat11/02/1950 Beechcraft Bonanza

[top] Documents

1937 Electrical Thermometers for Aircraft, NACA Technical Report 606

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