Moorefield Plantation Site

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Moorefield Plantation - Artist's Rendering
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[top] History

John Moore immigrated to America in 1620 on the Bona Nova. In 1635 he and his wife Elizabeth patented two hundred acres from the Crown. The couple's son Augustine inherited the property and added eighty-five acres to the original land grant. The property stayed in the Moore family until 1876, and Moore's great-nephew, also Augustine, built the plantation home Moorefield around 1750.

John and Elizabeth Moore and their descendants served the community and country in both peace and war. John and his brother both served as Justices and sheriffs of Elizabeth City County. A grandson was a member of the Committee of Safety during the Revolutionary War and three great-grandsons served in the militia. Another great-grandson served in the War of 1812.

In 1783, historical record show the Moores grew grain crops and had twenty slaves. In 1860, census information showed the Moore family was still cultivating the original 285 acres of land granted to the family in the seventeenth century and plantation livestock included four horses, four mules, twelve milk-producing cows, two oxen, six cattle, eighteen sheep, and thirty-five pigs. The family had grown wheat, corn, oats, peas, beans, potatoes, sweet potatoes, hay, and produced wool, butter, and fruit from an orchard the year before the census.

In 1876, William H. Moore sold the tract to Jefferson C. Phillips, and he sold the property to Nannie Collier in 1882. In 1895 the Moorefield home burned and was not rebuilt. Nannie Collier sold the property to the federal government in 1942.

See the Plantations Timeline.

[top] Photos

1862 Civil War Map1877 Survey1880s Plantation Map1888 Semple MapArtist's RenderingPre-1895 MoorefieldSignSign

[top] Moore House, Yorktown

In 1768, Augustine purchased 'Temple Farm' in Yorktown and eventually moved his wife and son into that house, now know as the Moore House. Besides resembling the architecture of Cloverdale, the Moore House is a site of national significance. At 10 o'clock on the morning of October 17, 1781, a drummer beating a "parley," and a British officer with a flag of truce, mounted a parapet south of Yorktown. The allies saw the signal, and soon the incessant, devastating artillery fire ceased. A hushed stillness fell over the field. Lord Cornwallis, realizing the defeat of his army was inevitable, send a message to General George Washington:

"Sir, I propose a cessation of hostilities for twenty-four hours, and that two officers may be appointed by each side, to meet at Mr. Moore's house, to settle terms for the surrender of the posts of York and Gloucester."

The Moore House in Yorktown was similar in style to the house at Moorefield.

1862 Photographed by John Wood & James F. GibsonMoore House Yorktown B&W.jpg2006 (Wikimedia Commons, user Aude0

The Moore House 1969 Brochure by the National Park Service

[top] Documents

As was common during the early years of our country's history, families frequently intermarried. This often makes is difficult to assign data to one particular plantation site. The following list specifically applies to this property. For more documents either pertains to the related families or the general area, see Plantations.

[top] Family Genealogy

See Moore Family Records

[top] Wills and Estate Information

1688 Appraisement of Estate of John Moore

1737-03-24, Augustine Moore Will

1737-1743 Court Orders Under Augustine Moore Will

Moore Estate from Elizabeth City County, Virginia, Rosemary Corley Neal, 1986 Heritage Books, Inc

1715 Will of John Moore from Elizabeth City County Virginia Deeds, Wills, Court Order 1715-1721, Rosemary Corley Neal, 1988 Heritage Books, Inc

1762-09-13 John Moore Will

1803-04-26 John Moore Will

1811-04-10 Augustine Moore Estate transcribed from Deed Book 33 page 306

1811 Elizabeth City County Order Book regarding administration of William Moore and Augustine Moore Estates

[top] Deeds, Patents, and Tax Records

1676-06-19 Land Patent transcribed from Patent Book 1, page 614

Revolutionary War Public Service Claim Records

Moore Estate Value Excerpts from William & Mary Quarterly, Vol IX, No 2, 1900

Moore Deeds, from Elizabeth City County, Virginia Deed Abstracts, 1787-1800 Joan Charles, 1994, Heritage Books, Inc

1787-1800 Deeds and Wills from Elizabeth City County Deeds and Wills, Vol 34 transcribed by Frank Farmer

1804 Deed Gift from Wm Moore to Augustine Moore transcribed by Frank Farmer

1808 50 Acres from Moore to Hampton Academy transcribed by Frank Farmer

1852 Deed from J.F. Moore to R.H. Vaughan, Elizabeth City County Deed Book, Vol M, Page 306

1877 Survey Plat and Bearings; Survey Book 1, Page 170, 21 March 1877

[top] Additional Tax Records

1775-1776 A List of Wheel Carriages in Elizabeth City County

1787 Property Tax List of Elizabeth City County

1796-1821 Mutual Insurance Society

1801 Elizabeth City County Tax List

1814 Tax List

1815-1850 Land Tax Records

Tax Rates and Assessments of Properties in West Area

1851-1872 Tax Records

1974 Additional Information on ECC Tax Records

Elizabeth City County Land Tax Records

English Duplicates of Lost Virginia Records

Property Matrices Based on Elizabeth City Tax Records

Tax Rate Comparisons of Cloverdale

Tracing Land Ownership of 100 Acres of Land.pdf

[top] Architecture

Architectural Details of Features of the Moore and Collier Houses, Frank Farmer

National Park Service - Moore House, Yorktown

The Moore House: A National Shrine Hatch, Charles. 1941. The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 21., No. 4.

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