P-51 "Mustang" Archives Collection

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[top] Background

North American Aviation's "Mustang" has been called "one of the few truly great aeroplanes of World War II." Former NACA test pilot John P. (Jack) Reeder explains that the Mustang was the fastest propeller-driven fighter in the war and that its long range allowed protective escort for heavy bombers to the heart of Germany.

The NACA seveloped several improvements to the plane during the 1940s which increased speed (using a laminar-flow wing), bettered roll characteristics, and increased stability.

[top] P-51 "Mustang Collection Folder Descriptions

Folder numbers indicated. These folders are available as hardcopy in the Archives Room.

1: North American Aviation Contract Record, 1939-44

2: North American Aviation Report No. 1691 - 1941 report on NAA Model NA-73. Pages 44 -52 are on the flying qualities of the airplane based on NACA research. Report includes 3 photographs.

3: Aerodynamic Load Characteristics for Model NA-73 Airplane - Hard Copy Only: 1941 report by North American Aviation, Inc. References many NACA reports. It appears these tests though were performed in wind tunnels at the Guggenheim Aeronautics Laboratory and the University of Washington Aeronautical Laboratory.

4: Lateral Control Characteristics of North American XP-51 Airplane (A.C. No. 41-38) With Beveled Trailing-Edge Ailerions in High-Speed Flight. 1942 NACA report by Herbert H. Hoover and Maurice D. White for the Army Air Forces, Material Command.

5: Flight Tests of Modifications to Improve Aileron Control Control Characteristics of a North American XP-51 Airplane (A.C. No. 41-38) 1942 NACA report by Herbert H. Hoover and Maurice D. White for the Army Air Forces. Results of further testing of A.C. 41-38 at Langley Field.

6: Flying Qualities and Stalling Characteristics of North American XP-51 Airplance (AAF No 41-38). 1943 NACA report by Maurice D. White, Herbert H. Hoover, and Howard W. Garris for the Army Air Forces, Material Command. Flight investigation of the flying qualities and stalling characteristics conducted at Langley Field. This is the first airplane test at LMAL fitted with a wing having a low-drag airfoil section.

7: Flight Tests of Beveled-Trailing-Edge Ailerons with Various Modifications on a North American XP-51 Airplane (AAF No. 41-38) 1943 NACA report by Maurice D. White and Herbert H. Hoover for the Army Air Forces, Material Command.

8: Wind Tunnel Investigation of Profile Drag and Lift of an Intermediate Wing Section of the XP-51 Airplane with Beveled Trailing-Edge and Contour Ailerons. 1943 NACA report by Frank T. Abbott, Jr. and William J. Underwood for the Army Air Forces, Material Command.

9:Wind Tunnel Investigation if a Beveled Aileron Shape Designed to Increase the Useful Deflection Range. 1944 NACA report by R.T. Jones and W.J. Underwood for the Army Air Forces, Material Command. Tests were conducted in the Low Turbulence Pressure Tunnel.

10: Report on XP-51 Directional Control. no author. undated. Typed report appears to be start of report for publication.

11: The Mustang: A Great War Horse. Ed Rees. Article on The Airpower Historian, Vol. IX, Num 4, October 1962. pp197-206. Original issue on file.

[top] Digital Files

Tests of an NACA 66, 2-216, a=0.6 Airfoil with a Slotted and Plain Flap. 1943 advance report by Milton Davidson and Harold R. Turner, Jr. for North American Aviation, Inc. Tests were conducted in the Low Turbulence Pressure Tunnel. Xerox copy.

Master Dimensions Book, P-51D Xerox copy of 1943 dimensions book prepared by Engineering Loft Mathematics Group of North American Aviation, Inc.

Profile-Drag Coefficients of a Conventional and Low-Drag Airfoils]. John A. Zalovcik. 1944. NACA Wartime Report L-139.

High-Speed Wind Tunnel Tests on Models of Four Single-engined Fighters (Spitfire, Spiteful, Attacker and Mustang. edited by staff of the R.A.E. High Speed Wind Tunnel and W.A. Mair. 1951.

Flight Measurements by Various Methods of the Drag Characteristics of the XP-51 Airplane. Henry A. Pearson and Dorothy E. Beadle. 1946. NACA Wartime Report L-741.

Air-Flow Behavior Over the Wing of an XP-51 Airplane as Indicated by Wing-Surface Tufts at Subcritical and Supercritical Speeds. De E. Beeler. 1947. RM L6L03.

Correlation of the Drag Characteristics of a Typical Pursuit Airplane Obtained From High-Speed Wind-Tunnel and Flight Tests. James M. Nissen, Burnett L. Gadeberg, and William T. Hamilton. 1948. NACA Report No. 916.

Measurement and Analysis of Wing and Tail Buffeting Loads on a Fighter-Type Airplane. Wilber B. Huston and T.H. Skopinski. 1954. TN 3080.

Performance Charts on RAF Mustang I AG-345, n.d.

Log Entries, XP-51 41-39. Xerox copy of handwritten notes. no author. undated.

Log Book, P-51B (#AAC 43-12105A). Xerox copy of typed log records.

The Mustang Story. NASA Facts Sheet NF171 - April 1992. Reprint from Sport Aviation Magazine, September 1983 Edition.

"NACA Contributions to the NAA P-51 Airplane and Contributions to NACA Aerodynamic Research by use of the P-51 Mustang Airplane. John P. Reeder. 1990. Xerox copies of two typed papers by John 'Jack' Reeder.

P-51 Mustang Aircraft Comments. no author, no date. Xerox copy.

F-51D Airfoil Sections. no author. no date. xerox copy.

List of XP-51 Reports by Hewitt Phillips. Xerox copy.

Langley Technical Library catalog cards subject: P-51 - Former LaRC library card catalog cards on P-51 which serve a bibliography for P-51 researchers.

A Compilation of Research Reports of Physical Research Division Dynamics Loads Division Acoustics and Noise Reduction Division: 1921 - 1975. Gloria R. Champine. 1976. TM X-73925.

Articles A nice non-scholarly but very competent tribute by a high school student to the Mustang and to his grandmother.

[top] Correspondence

North American P-51B "Mustang". From Progress in Aircraft Design Since 1903.

Proberezny - Layman. 1976. Correspondence regarding the sister ships 1038 and 1039. Includes information from North American Aviation. Mr. Proberezny was president of Experimental Aircraft Association.

Ethell - Layman. 1979. Request from Jeff Ethell for assistance with his forthcoming book, Mustang: A Documentary History. Jeffrey Ethell was an American aviation author and pilot who wrote extensively on aviation and military matters. September 29, 1947 - June 6, 1997.

Ludwig - Layman. 1981. Request from Paul Ludwig for assistance with a book on aircraft in WWII. Includes letter from Gustav Lundquist, Brig, Gen, USAF Ret., and two lengthy letters from pilot Jack Reeder.

McLaren - Layman. 1982. Information on various XP-51s that were tested by NACA. See Esposito photos above as well.

Donation to EAA Aviation Foundation, Inc. 1992 donation of painting of XP-51 by William Kluge.

Swickley - Layman. 1992. Regarding donation to EAA Aviation.

Howe - Layman. 1993-1995. Request for information on the Mustang "D."

Brynes - Layman. 1996. Correspondence and copies of short reports. Reports appear to be copies from a dot matrix printer and are poor quality.

[top] Photos

Photograph Collection; Sent to Richard Layman by Robert Esposito, aircraft historian

Letter from Esposito to Layman

FR409KM735NACA 1081039103936008103366137324312102312102343332343335P-51D; carrier arrest test; later at LaRCNavy Test, Roosevelt Field 1946US and Foreign markingsNACA 148; Edwards AFB, 1958464164464164476027484610; early twin seat484670British serial FX883/USAAF 43-12372

Vintage Photograph Collection

Inglewood, California: 1941 The first Mustang Mk.I built for the RAF British serial AG345Inglewood, CA: 1942 aircraft destined for the RAF as a Mustang Mk.IA under serial FD422. However, the aircraft was commandeered into USAAF service as serial 41-37324.Inglewood, CA: 1942 same aircraft - Note the same large dark smudge spot in front of the aircraft, as well as the dark and light colored sandbags in the background.Retouched photo of one of the two XP-51 prototypes.P-51AUSAAC P-51, serial 41-37426, transferred to the US NavyWright Field: 1942 low-level reconnaissance P-51-1 initially designated F-6A. Fitted with two cameras.First P-51B production aircraft, first flown May 5, 1943Raffle announcement for members of the American Aviation Historical SocietyCommon advertisement page for magazines

XP-51 Photographs sent to Experimental Aircraft Association (EAA) in 1992. Most of the photos in this collection date to 1941. The two color photos are of the airplane on display at the EAA Museum (still there today). Jack Reeder, Langley test pilot flew the XP-51 at Langley and visited the display in 1992.

Thank you note from EAA

XP-51 at LangleyLMAL 27031.jpgLMAL 27032.jpgLMAL 27033.jpgLMAL 27045.jpgLMAL 27302.jpgXP-51 with Wake Survey ProbeXP-51 on display at EAA Museum, Oshkosh, WIL-92-11138.jpg

North American Aviation Photos - 1944

Engineering BreakdownAssembly AreaGun/Bomb GaugesGun HeaterShackle mount for external wing fuel tankTip Stabilizer After FailureBuckling Tip StabilizerAmmunition DoorHorizontal StabilizerHorizontal StabilizerHorizontal Stabilizer Rigidity TestSteady Dive on Vertical TailBuckling on Horizontal TailSteady Dive on Horizontal TailLAA TestObstruction LandingPressure Test CanopyPressure Test CanopyTank Bay FailureObstruction Load on Tail WheelSteady Dive LoadGust Load on Vertical SurfacesSteady Dive Tail LoadingDive Loading on TailDive Loading on TailLAA Test73080-58.jpg73-80-98.jpg73-80-99.jpg

Photographs, NACA 102, 148


Engineering Model

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